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Cisco 釋出偵測是否有被植入後門的程式

前幾天在「在 Cisco Router 上被植入的後門」這邊提到了 Cisco 的 router 被植入後門,剛剛在 Zite 上看到 Cisco 放出檢查程式:「Cisco released a tool to scan for SYNful_Knock implants」。

程式是用 Python 寫的,可以在「Talos Intel - Synful Knock Scanner」這邊取得,但這個網站沒有用 HTTPS 保護,網站上提供的 Hash 簽名也沒有 PGP 簽名的資訊,從無信任起...

找了一下 Cisco 官方的資訊,在「SYNful Knock Scanner」這邊也有提供 Hash,請用這邊的值確認吧,這是目前能做到最好的確認了。

在 Cisco Router 上被植入的後門

FireEye 發表了一篇在 Cisco Router 上發現被植入的後門:「SYNful Knock - A Cisco router implant - Part I」。

發現這些被植入的 router 被散佈在四個地區:

Mandiant can confirm the existence of at least 14 such router implants spread across four different countries: Ukraine, Philippines, Mexico, and India.

包括了這幾個型號:

  • Cisco 1841 router
  • Cisco 2811 router
  • Cisco 3825 router

後門的特性是使用特殊的封包啟動:

SYNful Knock is a stealthy modification of the router's firmware image that can be used to maintain persistence within a victim's network. It is customizable and modular in nature and thus can be updated once implanted. Even the presence of the backdoor can be difficult to detect as it uses non-standard packets as a form of pseudo-authentication.

最主要的重點是把記憶體保護機制關閉 (都變成 RW):

The malware forces all TLB Read and Write attributes to be Read-Write (RW). We believe this change is made to support the hooking of IOS functions by loaded modules.

文後也有提到 Cisco 的文章,如何 dump image 分析:「Offline Analysis of IOS Image Integrity」。

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