南韓最高法院也對 Web Scraping 給出了類似美國的判例

也是上個禮拜在 Hacker News 上看到的新聞,南韓最高法院對於 web scraping 也做出了類似美國 HiQ Labs v. LinkedIn 案的判例:「Korean Supreme Court Provides Clarity on Web Scraping and Violation of the Relevant Korean Laws, including the Copyright Act and Information Protection Act (Supreme Court, 2021Do1533, May 12, 2022)」,原文似乎已經被 paywall,但可以從 Internet Archive 的「這邊」與 archive.today 的「這邊」讀到原全文。另外在 Hacker News 上的討論「The Supreme Korean court says that scraping publicly available data is legal (lexology.com)」。

hiQ 的案子之前有寫過,可以參考「hiQ 爬 LinkedIn 資料的無罪判決」這邊。


On May 12, 2022, the Korean Supreme Court held in Case No. 2021Do1533 that scraping publicly available data from a competitor’s website does not violate the asserted laws, including the Copyright Act and the Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection (“Information Protection Act”).

比較特別的是在講刑事責任的第三點提到了 read only,不確定是不是反駁原告的立論:

The Supreme Court also found Defendants not guilty of violating the Criminal Code in light of the following findings: (i) the Defendants’ act of scraping did not interfere with information processing on Yanolja’s API server; (ii) the Defendants’ act of scraping did not interfere with Yanolja’s booking business; (iii) the Defendants did not interfere with Yanolja’s business, because its scraping did not modify data within Yanolja’s API server; and (iv) the Defendants lacked mens rea for criminal interference with business, as the Defendants merely intended to collect accommodation information from Yanolja’s API server.


Google 在南韓開放 app 裡面使用其他付款機制了

先前在「南韓對 Apple 與 Google 的 In-App 付款機制的提案」這邊提到南韓的法案將會強迫 AppleGoogle 開放 IAP 的通路,前幾天 Google 正式發出公告會支援其他通路了:「Enabling alternative billing systems for users in South Korea」。

不免俗的,還是會放話說一些 FUD

Alternative billing systems may not offer the same protections or payment options and features of Google Play's billing system—such as parental controls, family payment methods, subscription management, Google Play gift cards, and Play Points.


In the coming weeks and months, we will share implementation details for developers, including instructions for submitting security and customer service verifications and a set of user experience guidelines so users can make an informed choice.

但這應該是第一個強制開放的市場?來等後續 payment gateway 給的數字...

南韓對 Apple 與 Google 的 In-App 付款機制的提案

WSJ 上看到南韓對 AppleGoogle 的 in-app 付款機制提案,強制 Apple 與 Google 讓 app 的開發者 (或是開發商) 使用第三方支付平台:「Google, Apple Hit by First Law Threatening Dominance Over App-Store Payments」。

看不到 WSJ 內文的可以看「Apple and Google must allow developers to use other payment systems, new Korean law declares」這篇,裡面有引用韓國的媒體報導 (英文版):「S. Korea looks set for legislation to curb Google, Apple's in-app billing system」。

要注意這還沒有通過,目前過委員會而已 (parliamentary committee),接下來要表決才會成為正式法律。

先前美國亞利桑那州的法案被擋下來,然後參議院提的法案也還在進行中,看起來還有很硬的仗要打:「由美國參議院提出的 Open App Markets Act」。

先繼續等後續發展,可以想見 Apple 與 Google 一定會想辦法抵制...

AWS 南韓區開第四個 AZ

AWS 南韓區開第四個 AZ 了,比想像中的快不少:「Now Open – Fourth Availability Zone in the AWS Asia Pacific (Seoul) Region」。

而且不像東京,新客戶只能看到三個 AZ:「Regions and Availability Zones」。

*New customers can access three Availability Zones in Asia Pacific (Tokyo).

雖然台灣過去的 routing 都還是沒改善...

AWS 南非區開張

上個禮拜 AWS 南非區開張營業:「Now Open – AWS Africa (Cape Town) Region」。

不過測了一下從 HiNet 過去的 latency 居然到了 450ms,看了一下 routing,應該是先到美國,繞道歐洲後再到南非,看看後續會不會比較好?從台灣的 GCP 過去也沒好到哪邊,大約 410ms。

APOL 則是 320ms 左右,應該是繞的比較少...

Amazon CloudFront 在南美大降價...

Amazon CloudFront 宣佈了第 200 個點,同時也宣佈了南美的價錢從 11 月開始降價 56%:「200 Amazon CloudFront Points of Presence + Price Reduction」。

這次的降價幅度相當驚人,南美的頻寬本來是全 CloudFront 裡最高的,現次一降就降到比整個亞洲區的價錢都還低了,不知道是弄到什麼新合約:

We are also reducing the pricing for on-demand data transfer from CloudFront by 56% for all Points of Presence in South America, effective November 1, 2019.

不過這個比較不包括 AWS 中國區的價錢 (獨立的系統),在中國的價錢是 CNY$0.30866/GB,換算成美金大約是 USD$0.04/GB。


Today I am happy to announce that our global network continues to grow, and now includes 200 Points of Presence, including new locations in Argentina (198), Chile (199), and Colombia (200):

CloudFront 開非洲節點了...

AWS 宣佈 CloudFront 在非洲的第一個節點開在南非的約翰尼斯堡 (Johannesburg):「Amazon CloudFront Expands into Africa with new Edge Location in Johannesburg and first Edge Location in Bangalore」。


Facebook 在南韓因為太慢被罰錢???

看到「South Korea fines Facebook $369K for slowing user internet connections」這則新聞,裡面提到 Facebook 的 reroute 行為:

The Korea Communications Commission (KCC) began investigating Facebook last May and found that the company had illegally limited user access, as reported by ABC News. Local South Korean laws prohibit internet services from rerouting users’ connections to networks in Hong Kong and US instead of local ISPs without notifying those users. In a few cases, such rerouting slowed down users’ connections by as much as 4.5 times.

沒有告知使用者就導去香港或是美國的伺服器,聽起來像是 GeoDNS 的架構,以及 Facebook 的 CDN 架構幹的事情?不過在原報導裡面,另外一個指控是:

The KCC probed claims that Facebook intentionally slowed access while it negotiated network usage fees with internet service providers.


Facebook said it did not violate the law in part because its terms of use say it cannot guarantee its services will operate without delays or interference. KCC officials rejected that argument, saying the terms were unfair. It recommended the company amend its terms of use.


南韓出手調查 Google 未經同意蒐集位置資訊的問題了

在「就算關掉 Google 的定位服務也還是會蒐集位置資訊...」這邊提到的蒐集問題,南韓出手調查了:「Regulators question Google over location data」。

Regulators in South Korea summoned Google (GOOGL, Tech30) representatives this week to question them about a report that claimed the company was collecting data from Android devices even when location services were disabled.


U.K. data protection officials are also looking into the matter.

美國與歐盟其他國家反而還沒看到消息... (不過美國有可能是以訴訟的方式進行)

Google 地圖在南韓的法規限制

Wall Street Journal 上看到 Google 地圖在南韓的法規限制上有許多被改弱的地方,所以試著改變法律規範:「Google Challenges South Korea Over Mapping Restrictions」。

舉幾張 WSJ 整理出來的圖就很明顯:

甚至比中國版的還差:(不過怎麼測的 XDDD)