俄羅斯在英國脫歐的議題上,也利用 Social Network 的廣告影響民意

TechCrunch 上看到的,俄羅斯政府不只在美國選舉時這樣做,同時也在英國脫歐公投的議題上進行操作:「Twitter says Russians spent ~$1k on six Brexit-related ads」。

不過金額比美國選舉時小了很多:

In response to the Commission’s request for information concerning Russian-funded campaign activity conducted during the regulated period for the June 2016 EU Referendum (15 April to 23 June 2016), Twitter reviewed referendum-related advertising on our platform during the relevant time period.

Among the accounts that we have previously identified as likely funded from Russian sources, we have thus far identified one account—@RT_com— which promoted referendum-related content during the regulated period. $1,031.99 was spent on six referendum-related ads during the regulated period.

With regard to future activity by Russian-funded accounts, on 26 October 2017, Twitter announced that it would no longer accept advertisements from RT and Sputnik and will donate the $1.9 million that RT had spent globally on advertising on Twitter to academic research into elections and civil engagement. That decision was based on a retrospective review that we initiated in the aftermath of the 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections and following the U.S. intelligence community’s conclusion that both RT and Sputnik have attempted to interfere with the election on behalf of the Russian government. Accordingly, @RT_com will not be eligible to use Twitter’s promoted products in the future.

俄羅斯展現「錢要花在刀口上」的功力?

TechCrunch 這篇「Trump and Clinton spent $81M on US election Facebook ads, Russian agency $46K」講到 Facebook 目前階段所判斷出來,能夠識別是俄羅斯政府投入的資金,只有 USD$46K,相較於美國兩黨投入了 USD$81M 差了 1760 倍:

While there might have been other Russian disinformation groups, the IRA spent $46,000 on pre-election day Facebook ads compared to $81 million spent by Clinton and Trump together, discluding political action committees who could have spent even more than that on the campaigns’ behalf.

而俄羅斯投入的廣告散佈率超過 1.26 億的 Facebook 使用者,以及 2000 萬 Instagram 的使用者:

Facebook today said that the Russians still reached 126 million Facebook users, as well as 20 million Instagram users.

俄羅斯這團隊的水準真不賴... 只可惜大概沒辦法寫在 resume 上。

聽證會的資料可以從「Hearings」這邊看到。

Google 計畫關閉在俄羅斯的 Engineering Office

路透社丟出來的新聞:「Google to close engineering office in Russia: WSJ」。

新通過的法案要求俄羅斯人的資料必須存放在俄羅斯境內,這個法案被懷疑是 Google 打算直接關閉俄羅斯的 Engineering Office 的原因:

In July, Russia's parliament passed a law to force Internet sites that store the personal data of Russian citizens to do so inside the country, a move the Kremlin says is for data protection but which critics see as an attack on social networks.

來看看後續發展...