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強制 Facebook 的「時間軸」依照時間排序

TechCrunch 的「How I cured my tech fatigue by ditching feeds」這篇提到了 Social Network 成隱的問題:

Many people have deleted the Facebook app from their phone to avoid this mindless habit. “What’s going on in my feed?” they think. Then they scroll, scroll, scroll, get bored and close the app. Repeat this process every 30 minutes. Deleting the app is the best way to take a stance and say that Facebook is a waste of time.

砍掉 Facebook 是一個還不錯的方法,但如果還是有使用 Facebook 需求,就只好想辦法降低 Facebook 帶來的影響。其中我找的方法是強制切到 Most Recent 版本,降低 Facebook 演算法的介入。

昨天剛好在重新處理機器,發現之前用的那個 Google Chrome 套件不見了,只好找看看有沒有替代方案,後來翻到這個:「Facebook Most Recent News Feed」。

如果看裡面程式碼,其實做的事情很簡單,就是硬切過去:

chrome.webRequest.onBeforeRequest.addListener(
    function(info) {
        if (info.url === 'https://www.facebook.com/') {
            return {
                redirectUrl: 'https://www.facebook.com/?sk=h_chr'
            }
        }
    }, {
        urls: [
            "https://www.facebook.com/*"
        ],
        types: ["main_frame"]
    }, ["blocking"]
);

當然,如果能考慮整個移除的話也是不錯啦...

Twitter Moments 很大?

看到「How big is Twitter Moments?」這篇,在談 Twitter Moments

依照推算,Twitter Moments 的使用量應該比全世界任何一個媒體都大,但你會發現實際上沒有音量。沒有人談論他,沒有人引用他... 但估算起來他應該是超級大的產品?

有種「到底怎麼樣才算是一個成功的產品」的反思。

CNN 的 Lite 版本

忘記是哪邊看到的,看到這個版本:「lite.cnn.com」,整個頁面超級精簡,內文也都不含圖片,看原始 html 也可以看出來整個頁面超簡單...

Google 與 Facebook 都在建立消息驗證系統

Google 的在「Fact Check now available in Google Search and News around the world」這,Facebook 的在「Working to Stop Misinformation and False News」這。

Google 是針對搜尋與新聞的部份給出建議,透過第三方的網站確認,像是這樣:

後面的機制是透過公開的協定進行:

For publishers to be included in this feature, they must be using the Schema.org ClaimReview markup on the specific pages where they fact check public statements (documentation here), or they can use the Share the Facts widget developed by the Duke University Reporters Lab and Jigsaw.

但也是透過演算法判斷提供的單位是否夠權威:

Only publishers that are algorithmically determined to be an authoritative source of information will qualify for inclusion.

而 Facebook 是針對 Timeline 上的新聞判斷,但是是透過與 Facebook 合作的 partner 判斷,而且會針對判斷為假的消息降低出現的機率:

We’ve started a program to work with independent third-party fact-checking organizations. We’ll use the reports from our community, along with other signals, to send stories to these organizations. If the fact-checking organizations identify a story as false, it will get flagged as disputed and there will be a link to a corresponding article explaining why. Stories that have been disputed also appear lower in News Feed.

我不是很喜歡 Facebook 的方法,變相的在控制言論自由 (不過也不是第一天了)。

華盛頓郵報的歷史創舉:呼籲對告密者的求刑

英國衛報華盛頓郵報因報導 Snowden 事件而拿到 2014 年的普立茲獎後,華盛頓郵報正式公開立場,表達應該將 Snowden 弄回美國受審,而非現在大家在呼籲的特赦:「WashPost Makes History: First Paper to Call for Prosecution of Its Own Source (After Accepting Pulitzer)」。

In doing so, the Washington Post has achieved an ignominious feat in U.S. media history: the first-ever paper to explicitly editorialize for the criminal prosecution of its own source — one on whose back the paper won and eagerly accepted a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. But even more staggering than this act of journalistic treachery against the paper’s own source are the claims made to justify it.

華盛頓郵報的說法更是無恥:

The complication is that Mr. Snowden did more than that. He also pilfered, and leaked, information about a separate overseas NSA Internet-monitoring program, PRISM, that was both clearly legal and not clearly threatening to privacy. (It was also not permanent; the law authorizing it expires next year.)

這從來就不是合法的問題,而是侵犯人權的問題,合法的事情在事後甚至被制定憲法修正案而推翻的事情多的是。美國的女性在 1920 年才擁有投票權 (透過「美國憲法第十九修正案」)。

第四權必須發揮應有的能力去推動政府往正確的方向前進。在拿到普立茲獎後以「合法」的角度來論述淪落為政府打手,墮落至此...

Facebook 操弄 Trending 裡的新聞

看了 GizmodoFacebook 的對話,就有種之前某長輩常說的「沒被抓到就不算犯罪喔~」的感覺:「Former Facebook Workers: We Routinely Suppressed Conservative News」。

Gizmodo 接到前員工的線報後,再加上透過關係問到其他的前員工,證實了標題的消息:

Facebook workers routinely suppressed news stories of interest to conservative readers from the social network’s influential “trending” news section, according to a former journalist who worked on the project. This individual says that workers prevented stories about the right-wing CPAC gathering, Mitt Romney, Rand Paul, and other conservative topics from appearing in the highly-influential section, even though they were organically trending among the site’s users.

Several former Facebook “news curators,” as they were known internally, also told Gizmodo that they were instructed to artificially “inject” selected stories into the trending news module, even if they weren’t popular enough to warrant inclusion—or in some cases weren’t trending at all. The former curators, all of whom worked as contractors, also said they were directed not to include news about Facebook itself in the trending module.

當然 Facebook 對於這種沒辦法證實的事情是全盤否認,不過再重複一次某長輩的「沒被抓到就不算犯罪喔~」的經典台詞...

Homebrew 會將安裝資訊送到 Google Analytics 上

Hacker News Daily 上看到 Homebrew 會將安裝資訊送到 Google Analytics 上面:「Homebrew's Anonymous Aggregate User Behaviour Analytics」。

opt-out 的方法有兩個,一個是環境變數,另外一個是透過 git 設定:

If after everything you've read you still wish to opt-out of Homebrew's analytics you may set HOMEBREW_NO_ANALYTICS=1 in your environment or run git config --file="$(brew --repository)/.git/config" --replace-all homebrew.analyticsdisabled true which will prevent analytics from ever being sent when either of them have been set.

Zite 消失後的方案:Nuzzel

在去年十二月七日 Zite 被幹掉後,本來是流竄到 Prismatic 上,結果十二月二十日也關掉了... 之後就找不到能用的推薦引擎了。

用推薦引擎的目的是希望看到更多不同種類的內容:用 Feedly 看 RSS feed,而用 Twitter 追蹤短則的想法,或是用 Facebook 看同溫層的想法。但這些都是「已知」的來源所提供的資訊,沒有辦法發覺其他的文章。

其中一個變通的方法是找像 Hacker News Daily 這樣的 RSS feed 來讀,作者用程式每天算出 Hacker News 上的十大熱門文摘出來,對一般人應該也夠用,但我還是想要找到更多資訊。

Zite 與 Prismatic 是以 Recommendation System 來計算並且推薦,是個還不錯的方法。不過這兩個 app 都已經不在了...

Nuzzel 走了另外一個方向,你可以用 Twitter 與 Facebook 帳號連結,然後提供「朋友」以及「朋友的朋友」發表了什麼連結,依照時間或是數量排序出來:

相較於推薦系統,這樣的演算法雖然簡單很多,但解決了想要看更多資訊的問題。

不過還是覺得有些 app 上的操作怪怪的,但也沒辦法 (?),先用用看吧...

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