歐洲議會嘗試撥款支援 Open Source Software 的 Bug Bounty 計畫

Hacker News 上看到歐盟議會試著以 Bug Bounty 計畫支援 Open Source Software 的消息。這次看到的是 VLC:「VLC: Bug Bounty Program - Get Rewards through HackerOne」。

The European Parliament has approved budget to improve the EU’s IT infrastructure by extending the free software security audit programme (FOSSA) and by including a bug bounty approach in the programme.

這還蠻特別的... 由官方經費贊助 open source 的計畫,除了 VLC 外,重點會在成效以及後續還有哪些被贊助。

Mozilla 實做百度發表的 Speech-To-Text 引擎 Deep Speech

Hacker News 上看到 MozillaGitHub 上的 mozilla/DeepSpeech 這個專案,用 TensorFlow 實做了百度的「Deep Speech: Scaling up end-to-end speech recognition」論文:

A TensorFlow implementation of Baidu's DeepSpeech architecture

語音轉文字的方案,Mozilla 開專案實做出來了...

這程式碼需要安裝 Git Large File Storage 才能完整下載包含訓練資料的部份:

Manually install Git Large File Storage, then clone the repository normally:
git clone https://github.com/mozilla/DeepSpeech

而目前已經有的資料來自於 Mozilla 另外一個專案「Common Voice」:

The Common Voice project is Mozilla's initiative to help teach machines how real people speak.

Common Voice 這個專案目前只有英文,網頁上就可以參與 validation 過程...

靜態站台的選擇...

Hacker News 首頁上看到的文章,講 Jekyll 一路跟 Amazon S3Amazon CloudFront 接上去的步驟:「Jekyll CBCD Pipeline to the Cloud」。

我看了以後覺得好麻煩 @_@

然後回頭看 Hacker News 上的評論:「Jekyll Static Web Hosting – Deployment Pipeline on AWS | Hacker News」,看到這段:

What a nightmare. I'm sure there are use cases for a setup like this, but this is not the system I'd like to maintain. I use Jekyll because of it's simplicity. I edit my site in my favorite text editor and rsync to shared hosting.

好多人都有同感啊 XDDD

另外有人提到 Netlify 這個服務:

After I discovered Netlify, I'm kind of thinking "why bother". It's free, I just push to my repo and they take care of all the building/publishing/hosting/CDNs, and they're very responsive for support and have high availability. I'm a very happy customer (or rather leech, as I don't pay anything).

下面評價看起來還算不錯,而且有 free tier 可以用,也許可以找機會玩看看...

reddit 與 4chan 在新聞網路上的獨特性

在「Study finds fringe communities on Reddit and 4chan have high influence on flow of alternative news to Twitter」這邊看到的:

After analyzing millions of posts containing mainstream and alternative news shared on Twitter, Reddit and 4chan, Jeremy Blackburn, Ph.D., and collaborators found that alt-right communities within 4chan, an image-based discussion forum where users are anonymous, and Reddit, a social news aggregator where users vote up or down on posts, have a surprisingly large influence on Twitter.

依照對 reddit4chan 的描述,這兩個媒體對 Twitter 的影響,會讓我聯想到在台灣 Ptt 對各新聞媒體的影響:Ptt 是很多新聞的起點?

"Based on our findings, these smaller, fringe communities on Reddit and 4chan serve as an incubation chamber for a lot of information," said Blackburn, assistant professor of computer science in the UAB College of Arts and Sciences. "The content and talking points are refined until they finally break free and make it to larger, more mainstream communities."

真的研究應該可以看出 Ptt 的影響力?

強制 Facebook 的「時間軸」依照時間排序

TechCrunch 的「How I cured my tech fatigue by ditching feeds」這篇提到了 Social Network 成隱的問題:

Many people have deleted the Facebook app from their phone to avoid this mindless habit. “What’s going on in my feed?” they think. Then they scroll, scroll, scroll, get bored and close the app. Repeat this process every 30 minutes. Deleting the app is the best way to take a stance and say that Facebook is a waste of time.

砍掉 Facebook 是一個還不錯的方法,但如果還是有使用 Facebook 需求,就只好想辦法降低 Facebook 帶來的影響。其中我找的方法是強制切到 Most Recent 版本,降低 Facebook 演算法的介入。

昨天剛好在重新處理機器,發現之前用的那個 Google Chrome 套件不見了,只好找看看有沒有替代方案,後來翻到這個:「Facebook Most Recent News Feed」。

如果看裡面程式碼,其實做的事情很簡單,就是硬切過去:

chrome.webRequest.onBeforeRequest.addListener(
    function(info) {
        if (info.url === 'https://www.facebook.com/') {
            return {
                redirectUrl: 'https://www.facebook.com/?sk=h_chr'
            }
        }
    }, {
        urls: [
            "https://www.facebook.com/*"
        ],
        types: ["main_frame"]
    }, ["blocking"]
);

當然,如果能考慮整個移除的話也是不錯啦...

Twitter Moments 很大?

看到「How big is Twitter Moments?」這篇,在談 Twitter Moments

依照推算,Twitter Moments 的使用量應該比全世界任何一個媒體都大,但你會發現實際上沒有音量。沒有人談論他,沒有人引用他... 但估算起來他應該是超級大的產品?

有種「到底怎麼樣才算是一個成功的產品」的反思。

懷舊技術系列...

在「Stopping The Internet Of Noise - A Useful Internet Back Again」這邊看到作者在思考現在的工具有很多干擾 (像是 Social Network 這樣的網站),反倒是傳統的一些技術與工具更專注在解決問題本身。

像是 Usenet

IRC:

RSS reader:

有種考古懷舊系列的感覺...

題外化,看到他用的是 BazQux 這個 RSS reader,來測試看看感覺如何,如果可以的話就從 Feedly 換過去好了...

Google 與 Facebook 都在建立消息驗證系統

Google 的在「Fact Check now available in Google Search and News around the world」這,Facebook 的在「Working to Stop Misinformation and False News」這。

Google 是針對搜尋與新聞的部份給出建議,透過第三方的網站確認,像是這樣:

後面的機制是透過公開的協定進行:

For publishers to be included in this feature, they must be using the Schema.org ClaimReview markup on the specific pages where they fact check public statements (documentation here), or they can use the Share the Facts widget developed by the Duke University Reporters Lab and Jigsaw.

但也是透過演算法判斷提供的單位是否夠權威:

Only publishers that are algorithmically determined to be an authoritative source of information will qualify for inclusion.

而 Facebook 是針對 Timeline 上的新聞判斷,但是是透過與 Facebook 合作的 partner 判斷,而且會針對判斷為假的消息降低出現的機率:

We’ve started a program to work with independent third-party fact-checking organizations. We’ll use the reports from our community, along with other signals, to send stories to these organizations. If the fact-checking organizations identify a story as false, it will get flagged as disputed and there will be a link to a corresponding article explaining why. Stories that have been disputed also appear lower in News Feed.

我不是很喜歡 Facebook 的方法,變相的在控制言論自由 (不過也不是第一天了)。

華盛頓郵報的歷史創舉:呼籲對告密者的求刑

英國衛報華盛頓郵報因報導 Snowden 事件而拿到 2014 年的普立茲獎後,華盛頓郵報正式公開立場,表達應該將 Snowden 弄回美國受審,而非現在大家在呼籲的特赦:「WashPost Makes History: First Paper to Call for Prosecution of Its Own Source (After Accepting Pulitzer)」。

In doing so, the Washington Post has achieved an ignominious feat in U.S. media history: the first-ever paper to explicitly editorialize for the criminal prosecution of its own source — one on whose back the paper won and eagerly accepted a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. But even more staggering than this act of journalistic treachery against the paper’s own source are the claims made to justify it.

華盛頓郵報的說法更是無恥:

The complication is that Mr. Snowden did more than that. He also pilfered, and leaked, information about a separate overseas NSA Internet-monitoring program, PRISM, that was both clearly legal and not clearly threatening to privacy. (It was also not permanent; the law authorizing it expires next year.)

這從來就不是合法的問題,而是侵犯人權的問題,合法的事情在事後甚至被制定憲法修正案而推翻的事情多的是。美國的女性在 1920 年才擁有投票權 (透過「美國憲法第十九修正案」)。

第四權必須發揮應有的能力去推動政府往正確的方向前進。在拿到普立茲獎後以「合法」的角度來論述淪落為政府打手,墮落至此...