Tag Archives: law

歐盟法院認為公開無線網路的營運者不需要對使用者的侵權行為負責

歐盟法院 (The Court of Justice of the European Union) 認為公開無線網路的營運者不需要對使用者的侵權行為負責:「EU Court: Open WiFi Operator Not Liable For Pirate Users」。 不過這是有一些前提的,法院認為應該要符合這幾個要件,營運方才不要負責。基本上完全沒有 filter 限制的無線網路會符合這些條件: The Court further notes that in order for such ‘mere conduit’ services to be exempt from third party … Continue reading

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麻州立法禁止詢問前一份工作的薪資

雖然利用談判技巧是可以避開 (在你有本錢談判的情況下),麻州直接立法禁止了,這對於求職者來說相當重要:「Illegal in Massachusetts: Asking Your Salary in a Job Interview」。 The new law will require hiring managers to state a compensation figure upfront — based on what an applicant’s worth is to the company, rather than on what he … Continue reading

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Facebook 的臉部辨認系統將被搬上法院,確認是否違法

在「Lawsuit challenging Facebook’s facial recognition system moves forward」這邊提到了 Facebook 的臉部辨認系統將被搬上法院確認是否違法。 Facebook 首先提出 Terms of Service 內規定不受依利諾州法律管理,只受加州以及聯邦法律管理,而依利諾州推翻這項規範,認為原告有權在依利諾州提起訴訟: Today's decision focused on the question of whether the Illinois law is applicable to Facebook, one of the major legal hurdles facing the plaintiffs. … Continue reading

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VENUE Act 對專利蟑螂的反擊

EFF 的「We Can't Keep Waiting: Pass the VENUE Act This Year」這篇寫的還蠻清楚的,VENUE Act (S. 2733) 是一個看起來頗有效的 workaround,先上這個 workaround 降低專利蟑螂的攻勢。 專利蟑螂 (通常是原告) 可以選擇任意一個聯邦法庭提出控告: As the law stands now, patent owners have almost complete control over which federal district to file a case … Continue reading

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舊金山要求新的建築物都必須有太陽能設備

舊金山通過在 2017 年之後的建築物必須有 15% 的屋頂面積必須是太陽能相關的設備:「San Francisco Is Requiring Solar Panels on All New Buildings」: The ordinance, passed unanimously by the city’s Board of Supervisors, extends an existing California law which requires 15 percent of roof space on new buildings to … Continue reading

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科威特通過法律強制取得每個人的 DNA:包括外籍人士與訪客

在 Bruce Schneier 這邊看到這則新聞:「Kuwaiti Government will DNA Test Everyone」,原始報導在「Kuwait set to enforce DNA testing law on all – Officials reassure tests won’t be used to determine genealogy」這邊,開頭的說明還蠻清楚的: The DNA testing law that will go into effect this year is aimed … Continue reading

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在美國「製造槍枝的方法」是否受到管制?

有了 3D Printer 後,就有人用 3D Printer 設計槍枝,而 Defense Distributed 則是當中頗有名的藍圖,而作者把這份藍圖給丟出來讓大家用。 美國憲法第二修正案保障人民持有並攜帶武器的權利不得被侵犯,但「散佈製造槍枝的方法」是否也是被第二修正案保護,則還在打官司決定:「Does it violate federal export law if a website publishes CAD files of firearms?」。 目前看起來要打到巡迴庭...

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19 歲的英國寫了個機器人程式產生上訴文件,半年成功消滅了一億的罰單

看起來是用 template 加上一些問題組合成的:「A 19-year-old made a free robot lawyer that has appealed $3 million in parking tickets」、「A teenager has saved motorists over £2 million by creating a website to appeal parking fines」。 會問一些問題,然後產生一份文件讓你上訴: Once you sign in, a chat screen … Continue reading

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音樂著作的授權架構

在 TorrentFreak 上看到「YouTube Copyright Complaint Kills Harvard Professor's Copyright Lecture (Update)」這篇文章提到了 YouTube 下架了「William Fisher, CopyrightX: Lecture 3.3, The Subject Matter of Copyright: Music」這部影片。 有兩件事情吸引我,第一件是,這是哈佛法學院的教授 William Fisher 的課程在說明音樂產業的著作權以及授權架構的線上影片,被 SME (i.e. Sony) 透過 YouTube 的 ContentID 以侵犯版權給下架了... XDDD (瞬間把板凳給拉出來坐著等) 第二件事情是在這個影片恢復後跑去看而發現的,發現描述音樂產業的授權模式講的相當清楚 (以美國的觀點),尤其當你身在這個產業裡 (yeah … Continue reading

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英國法院認為 GCHQ 偷黑別人機器是合法的

出自「Tribunal rules computer hacking by GCHQ is not illegal」這篇報導。在 Edward Snowden 爆料美國與英國政府都在幹黑的後,Privacy International 就提出訴訟控告 GCHQ,但前幾天法院認定這樣是合法的: Campaigners Privacy International have lost a legal challenge claiming the spying post's hacking operations are too intrusive and break European law. The case was launched … Continue reading

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