Home » Posts tagged "kingdom"

AWS 英國區開放使用

如同先前規劃的時程,AWS 的英國區正式開放 (代碼 eu-west-2):「Now Open – AWS London Region」。

這樣歐洲也有三個區可以用了 (另外兩個是法國與愛爾蘭),不過如果要進歐洲東部低區的話,不知道要挑哪一個點比較好...

英國通過法案要求 ISP 記錄使用者觀看過的網站

英國前幾天通過了最激烈的隱私侵犯法案,要求 ISP 必須記錄使用者觀看過的網站:「Britain has passed the 'most extreme surveillance law ever passed in a democracy'」:

The law forces UK internet providers to store browsing histories -- including domains visited -- for one year, in case of police investigations.

不愧是 George Orwell 生前的國家,居然先實現了他的理想國... 接下來 Let's EncryptTor 的重要性就更高了。

英國 GCHQ 打算在英國實施全國大規模的 DNS filtering 過濾機制

如標題所提到的,GCHQ 打算以安全為由,實施大規模的 DNS filtering 機制:「GCHQ planning UK-wide DNS ‘firewall’」,GCHQ 的官方新聞稿在「A new approach for cyber security in the UK」這邊。

很類似 GFW 的作法,但在英國這種國家這樣做太明顯,所以政府需要使用 FUD (Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt) 的方式恐嚇公民,藉由洗腦公民取得更多的權力。

這次是對 DNS level 過濾,如果政策成功地壓過去實施,接下來就會有更多的機制來過濾對當政者不利的言論。

MasterCard 在英國被告收取過高的手續費

在「Mastercard sued for $19 billion in Britain's biggest damages claim」這邊看到的幾個重點,第一個是歐盟對國際手續費 1% 的限制:(雖然 Brexit...)

A lawyer working on the case said Mastercard charged shops fees in excess of 1 percent for card use on international transactions between 1992 and 2008.Although the EU's anti-trust regulator only ruled Mastercard's international fees were illegal, this impacted British consumers as it was the default fee used in Britain.

另外一個是兩年前的新規定:

Two years ago, the European Union capped the fees retailers pay at 0.2 percent for debit cards and 0.3 percent for credit cards.

唔... (回頭看台灣的帳單)

英國法院認為 GCHQ 偷黑別人機器是合法的

出自「Tribunal rules computer hacking by GCHQ is not illegal」這篇報導。在 Edward Snowden 爆料美國與英國政府都在幹黑的後,Privacy International 就提出訴訟控告 GCHQ,但前幾天法院認定這樣是合法的:

Campaigners Privacy International have lost a legal challenge claiming the spying post's hacking operations are too intrusive and break European law.

The case was launched after revelations by US whistleblower Edward Snowden about the extent of US and UK spying.

接下來的戰場會變成在 Investigatory Powers Bill 上面?還是會繼續有上訴?

英國將 10Mbps 上網訂為法定權利

在「UK govt to make 10 Mbps broadband a legal right」這邊看到英國政府打算更新法案,逐步將 10Mbps 上網速度訂為法定權利。

目前法定權利是 28.8Kbps 的撥接速度:

Currently, the minimum USO for data access in Britain is just 28.8 Kbps, or dial-up speeds.

打算在今年年底拉高為 2Mbps,並且在 2020 年拉高為 10Mbps:

Under the proposal, the minimum speed specified by the USO will be raised to 2 Mbps by the end of the year, before further increasing to 10 Mbps by 2020.

英國首相 David Cameron 公開說明,internet 應該被認定為基本權利:

"Access to the internet shouldn’t be a luxury; it should be a right – absolutely fundamental to life in 21st century Britain," Cameron said.

英國政府將優先考慮 Open Source 應用

Slashdot 上看到的文章:「UK Government Mandates 'Preference' For Open Source」,引用的新聞是「Government mandates 'preference' for open source」,英國政府的說明原文則是在「Open source — Government Service Design Manual」。

第一段就馬上說明無論是作業系統、網路軟體、網站伺服器、資料庫,甚至是程式語言,都應該優先考慮 open source 方案,再考慮 closed source 替代方案:

Use open source software in preference to proprietary or closed source alternatives, in particular for operating systems, networking software, Web servers, databases and programming languages.

只有在少數狀況下才應該使用 SaaS 或是安裝非 open source 軟體替代:

Problems which are rare, or specific to a domain may be best answered by using software as a service, or by installing proprietary software.

不過這份 manual 還未定案,還可以看看會有什麼更新...

Archives