Raspberry Pi 5 拿掉硬體的 H.264 encoding

HN 上看到「Raspberry Pi 5 has no hardware video encoding and only HEVC decoding (raspberrypi.com)」,原文指到 Gordon Hollingworth 的回覆這邊,可以看到這是上個月的消息了。

Raspberry Pi 一直都有硬體 H.264 encoding 的能力,不過這個在 Raspberry Pi 5 上被拿掉了,所以得用軟體壓。

官方有提到 Raspberry Pi 5 的 CPU 因為比之前快很多,單顆就有辦法做到 1080p60 (而 RPi5 有 4 CPU),所以除了 power consumption 以外應該不是大問題:

Obviously, the bad thing is the power consumption, but actually it only takes around 1 processor to encode 1080p60 with our default settings (which is still better quality than the PI 4 hardware encoder).

不過 HN 上猜是授權費用之類的問題,我在想是不是新的晶片組的 encoding license 都綁在一起,H.264 + H.265 得一包一起買,而 H.265 的授權費是眾所皆知的貴...

當 desktop 應該是還好,但就心裡有個底...

Amazon EC2 推出 VT1 Instance

看到 Amazon EC2 推出新機種 vt1,專門為影片壓縮而推出的 family type:「New – Amazon EC2 VT1 Instances for Live Multi-stream Video Transcoding」。

主要是透過 Alveo U30 Data Center Accelerator Card 這張卡加速,號稱比 GPU 機器還要省 30% 的費用 (CPU 的話可以到 60%):

These VT1 instances feature Xilinx® Alveo™ U30 media accelerator transcoding cards with accelerated H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC codecs and provide up to 30% better price per stream compared to the latest GPU-based EC2 instances and up to 60% better price per stream compared to the latest CPU-based EC2 instances.

看規格支援 H.264H.265,不過看起來沒支援 royalty-free 的 VP9AV1...

另外這跟 AWS Elemental MediaConvert 以及 AWS Elemental Live 好像稍微有點打對台?另外專利的費用不知道怎麼算...

Cisco 的 H.264 實作放出來了...

Cisco 在十月宣佈的 Open source H.264 codec 已經在 GitHub 上放出來了:「Open Source H.264 Codec」,這個實作包括了 encoder 與 decoder。

用的是 BSD 2-Clause License:「LICENSE」。

目前的支援度:(直接複製 OS Support 這段)

  • Windows 64-bit and 32-bit (initial release is only 32-bit, 64-bit will follow soon)
  • Mac OS X 64-bit (initial release does not include this target, will follow soon)
  • Linux 64-bit and 32-bit (initial release is only 32-bit, 64-bit will follow soon)
  • Android 32-bit (initial release does not include this target, will follow soon)
  • iOS 64-bit and 32-bit (not supported yet, may be added in the future)

看起來目前只支援桌機上的 32bits...

然後已知的問題:(複製 Known Issues 這段)

  • Encoder errors when resolution exceeds 3840x2160
  • Encoder errors when compressed frame size exceeds half uncompressed size
  • Encoder console app only support multiple of 16 width/height for now
  • Decoder errors when compressed frame size exceeds 1MB

反正就繼續看著辦?