FreeBSD 把 root 預設的 shell 改成 /bin/sh

Hacker News 首頁上看到 FreeBSD 把 root 的 shell 從 /bin/csh 換成 /bin/sh 了:「sh(1): make it the default shell for the root user」,Hacker News 上的討論也可以看一看:「FreeBSD switches the default root shell from csh to sh (」。

依照說明是把 FreeBSD 的 /bin/sh 加上了不少東西,所以算是堪用了:

In the recent history sh(1) has gain the missing features for it to
become a usable interractive shell:
- command completion
- persistent history support
- improvements on the default bindings in emacs mode
- improvements in the vi mode (repect $EDITOR)
- print a newline when exiting via ^D
- default prompt and improvements on how PS1 can be configured
- and more.

This changes also simplifies making tiny freebsd images with only sh(1)
as a shell

以前也是用 csh 系列的 (像是 tcsh),後來開始用 Linux 就往 BashZsh 定居了...

各家 glob 的效能...

在「Glob Matching Can Be Simple And Fast Too」這邊看到在分析 (a.*)nb 這樣的 pattern 的效能 (像是 a.*a.*a.*b 這樣的東西),第一波先測 shell,結果發現有趣的現象:

那個 csh 是怎麼了 XDDD

Looking at the source code, it doesn’t attempt to perform glob expansion itself. Instead it calls the C library implementation glob(3), which runs in linear time, at least on this Linux system. So maybe we should look at programming language implementations too.


各家實做方式不一樣 XD

然後文章裡有提到這個方式是之前蠻常見的 DoS 技巧,用很少的資源就可以吃光你的 CPU resource... 另外也提到了可能的解法,就是限制星號的數量:

At the very least, most FTP servers should probably reject glob patterns with more than, say, 3 stars.