透過 AWS Budgets 管控 Reserved Instance 的使用率

現在可以透過 AWS Budgets 來看到 Reserved Instance 的使用率了:「Monitor your Reserved Instance utilization by receiving alerts via AWS Budgets」。

Starting today, customers can now monitor and receive alerts when their Reserved Instance (“RI”) utilization falls below the threshold they define.

算是個開頭,不過我更想請 AWS 分析有哪些機器是長年開著沒有 discount 的... 或者像是 GCP 那樣自動算 :o

Backblaze B2 的降價...

Backblaze B2 是個 cloud storage 服務 (類似於 Amazon S3),最近宣布降價:「Backblaze B2 Drops Download Price By 60%」。

這次降價是降流量的部分,從 USD$0.05/GB 降到 USD$0.02/GB。參考去年的價錢:「Cheapest Secure Cloud Storage Provider: B2」。

不知道可以傳多快,另外是工具的豐富度比 S3 還是差不少 :o

印度 ISP 跟 Torrent 站台合作加速下載

在「Indian ISPs Speed Up BitTorrent by ‘Peering’ With a Torrent Site」這篇講到印度的 ISP 跟 torrent 站台 TorBox 合作,加速下載的速度。

裡面提到了蠻有趣的加速技巧:

They help users to download content faster by linking them to local peers in their own network.

不知道是不是指 Local Peer Discovery (BEP-14) 的技術,如果是的話大概可以猜出作法... 這樣可以降低不少 ISP 對外頻寬的流量與成本。

DigitalOcean 開始加收 Snapshot 費用

收到 DigitalOcean 的信件通知,snapshot 會開始收費:

Starting October 1, 2016, we will begin charging for snapshot storage at $0.05 per gigabyte per month. This will first be reflected in the invoice posted to your account on November 1, 2016. Like other features, snapshot storage uses hourly pricing, and size is calculated from a compressed version of the snapshot—not the total disk space allocated to the Droplet.

來規劃看看要怎麼處理好了...

CloudFlare 對 HiNet 成本的抱怨 (還有其他 ISP...)

CloudFlare 特地寫了一篇討拍文在分析對六個 ISP 的超高成本:「Bandwidth Costs Around the World」。

其他的就不講了,先看對價錢的定義:

As a benchmark, let's assume the cost of transit in Europe and North America is 10 units (per Mbps).

然後來看亞洲區以及 HiNet 的部份寫了什麼:

Two Asian locations stand out as being especially expensive: Seoul and Taipei. In these markets, with powerful incumbents (Korea Telecom and HiNet), transit costs 15x as much as in Europe or North America, or 150 units.

成本大約是 15 倍。另外說明這六個 ISP 佔了他們 50% 的頻寬成本 (以及 6% 的流量):

Today, however, there are six expensive networks (HiNet, Korea Telecom, Optus, Telecom Argentina, Telefonica, Telstra) that are more than an order of magnitude more expensive than other bandwidth providers around the globe and refuse to discuss local peering relationships. To give you a sense, these six networks represent less than 6% of the traffic but nearly 50% of our bandwidth costs.

為什麼有種濃濃的既視感 XDDD

CloudFlare 的頻寬成本

CloudFlare 上個月底的時候發了一篇關於頻寬成本的文章:「The Relative Cost of Bandwidth Around the World」。

歐洲是最低的,北美還高出歐洲一些。亞洲與南美是同個等級,大約是歐洲的六倍多,而澳洲是最貴的。

成本跟 transit 以及 peering 的量有關,這是 CloudFlare 提供的數字,只能拿來參考用...

DNS Prefetch 的利弊

Simon Willison 轉了一篇文章,提到某個網站用 meta tag 關掉 DNS Prefetch 後,每個月省下 USD$1600:「DNS Prefetching Implications」。

會這麼貴的主要原因在於 DNS Prefetch 是利用「浪費資源」加速,設計上本來就不需要很快的反應時間,所以不應該讓他上昂貴的 Anycast-based DNS service。更何況 Anycast-based DNS service 應該是在整個系統都 tune 到極致後,壓榨最後一丁點效能的武器...

自己架設 DNS server,或是透過 Domain Registar and/or Hosting 公司代管,效果其實都不差。如果想要測試 Anycast-based DNS service,除了 Route53 可以玩看看以外,EasyDNS 也有提供平價的服務 (而且可以是 slave server),要測試的人可以測看看...