For inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale.
Diffie–Hellman key exchange 是全世界第一個 (1976 年) 在公開頻道上建立 shared secret 的演算法，直到現在都還廣泛的被使用，可以防禦被動式的監聽攻擊：
The Diffie–Hellman key exchange method allows two parties that have no prior knowledge of each other to jointly establish a shared secret key over an insecure channel.
現在這個演算法用在 PFS (Perfect forward secrecy)，或稱為 FS (Forward secrecy)，確保 public key 被破解前的連線記錄不會輕易被破解，於是更確保了資料的安全性：
a secure communication protocol is said to have forward secrecy if compromise of long-term keys does not compromise past session keys.
For fundamental contributions to the concepts and practices underlying modern database systems.
PostgreSQL evolved from the Ingres project at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1982 the leader of the Ingres team, Michael Stonebraker, left Berkeley to make a proprietary version of Ingres. He returned to Berkeley in 1985 and started a post-Ingres project to address the problems with contemporary database systems that had become increasingly clear during the early 1980s. The new project, POSTGRES, aimed to add the fewest features needed to completely support types. These features included the ability to define types and to fully describe relationships – something used widely before but maintained entirely by the user.
計算機科學領域裡的最高獎項，Turing Award，在 Google 的資助下，獎金從本來的 25 萬美金提升到百萬美金，ACM 的公告在這邊：「Google to Provide All Funding for Most Prestigious Award in Computing」。
諾貝爾獎的獎金是八百萬瑞典客朗，剛好大約是百萬美金 (約 USD$1.08M)。
這則新聞剛好跟「The Man Who Made the UK Say “I’m Sorry For What We Did To Turing.”」這篇報導一起看。
For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of distributed and concurrent systems, notably the invention of concepts such as causality and logical clocks, safety and liveness, replicated state machines, and sequential consistency.
分散式系統領域的老大與 LaTeX 的發明人...