紐約州通過法案,禁止「競業條款」

Hacker News Daily 上看到「New York State Senate passes prohibitions on non-competes (ogletree.com)」這篇,原報導在「New York State Senate Passes Prohibitions on Non-Competes」這。

在原報導裡面給的連結就是紐約州的官方連結,提到了兩個法案:

  • Senate Bill S3100A: Prohibits non-compete agreements and certain restrictive covenants
  • Senate Bill S6748: Relates to actions or practices that establish or maintain a monopoly, monopsony or restraint of trade, and authorizes a class action lawsuit in the state anti-trust law

可以看到兩個都已經通過參議院了,下一步看起來就是送給州長了;其中 S3100A 就是這次提到的反「競業條款」法案,裡面最重要的內容也很簡單,就是直接禁止禁業條款:

2. NO EMPLOYER OR ITS AGENT, OR THE OFFICER OR AGENT OF ANY CORPORATION, PARTNERSHIP, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY, OR OTHER ENTITY, SHALL SEEK, REQUIRE, DEMAND OR ACCEPT A NON-COMPETE AGREEMENT FROM ANY COVERED INDIVIDUAL.

在這條前面有定義什麼是「人」與「NDA」,後面有救濟措施以及一些避免鑽法律漏洞的敘述。

等正式通過後對整個美國的影響應該會不小?應該會有一陣子觀望,然後看結果後可能會有其他州也加入...

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