對 Open Data 的攻擊手段

前陣子看到的「Membership Inference Attacks against Machine Learning Models」,裡面試著做到的攻擊手法:

[G]iven a data record and black-box access to a model, determine if the record was in the model's training dataset.

也就是拿到一組 Open Data 的存取權限,然後發展一套方法判斷某筆資料是否在裡面。而驗證攻擊的手法當然就是直接攻擊看效果:

We empirically evaluate our inference techniques on classification models trained by commercial "machine learning as a service" providers such as Google and Amazon. Using realistic datasets and classification tasks, including a hospital discharge dataset whose membership is sensitive from the privacy perspective, we show that these models can be vulnerable to membership inference attacks. We then investigate the factors that influence this leakage and evaluate mitigation strategies.

透過 NN 攻擊 NN,而目前的解法也不太好處理,但有做總是會讓精確度降低。論文裡提到了四種讓難度增加的方法:

  • Restrict the prediction vector to top k classes.
  • Coarsen precision of the prediction vector.
  • Increase entropy of the prediction vector.
  • Use regularization.

另外一個值得看的資料是 2006 年發生的「AOL search data leak」,當年資料被放出來後有真實的使用者被找出來,也是很轟動啊...

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One Response to 對 Open Data 的攻擊手段

  1. John Linq says:

    第一次看的時候,以為是要讓機器學習誤判,把香蕉認成橘子,原來不是。

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