伊朗透過 BGP 管制網路的手段影響其他國家網路...

Dyn (之前被 DDoS 打爆,過一陣子被 Oracle 買去的那個 Dyn) 的這篇「Iran Leaks Censorship via BGP Hijacks」講到他們偵測到伊朗透過 BGP hijack 管制網站的問題。

前陣子伊朗透過 private ASN 放了 99.192.226.0/24 出來,影響到其他國家:

Last week, Iranian state telecom announced a BGP hijack of address space (99.192.226.0/24) hosting numerous pornographic websites.

由於這段 IP address 在 internet 上是以 99.192.128.0/17 在放,就因為 /24 優先權比較高而被蓋過去影響到全世界...

然後過了幾天,開始攻擊蘋果的 iTunes 服務,不過這次是以 /32 放出來。由於大多數收的最小單位是 /24,這次的影響沒有上次大:

In addition, TIC announced BGP hijacks for 20 individual IPs associated with Apple’s iTunes service. These too were carried by Omantel to the outside world, albeit with a smaller footprint due to the fact that BGP routes for /32’s typically don’t propagate very far.

這看得出來 routing 在 internet 上還是非常脆弱...

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